How to get around Egypt's capital
Cairo's public transportation includes buses and trains. However, the buses can be extremely crowded and, as with many huge cities, pickpocketing is an issue, so make sure to secure your belongings and stay vigilant. In addition, if you’re a novice to the bus routes, you will have to learn by trial and error: There’s no set website or formal schedule with the pick-up and drop-off points, which means if you are unfamiliar with where to get on and get off, you could end up completely lost.
The metro operates with two-main lines that navigate to some of the main tourist sights, including the Nile and the Pyramids of Giza. The metro train in Cairo was the first full metro system built in Africa and operates from 5am to 12:30am, with extensions during Ramadan.
Long-distance trains are also available in Cairo, and are best used when traveling to cities such as Alexandria, Aswan, and Luxor. Cairo’s two main stations are Ramses in downtown Cairo and Giza. Tickets can be purchased online without the hassle of waiting in unruly and crowded lines.
Cairo has walkable areas, but is not typically a walkable city. Sidewalks are not consistent throughout the city and can often land you walking in the street, even in suburban areas such as New Cairo City. That's doubly dangerous here: due to non-strict traffic laws, cars tend to make their own rules, set their own speed limits, create extra lanes, and ignore the small number of traffic lights that exist in the city. Curbs are often much higher off the ground in Cairo as a direct result, so it's important to pay close attention when walking so you don’t abruptly step into harm's way.
As a part of its efforts to create a more modern, safer alternative to fighting with taxicab drivers over prices or jumping on and off crowded buses, Cairo offers Uber and Careem, a similar car service based in the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia. Both services will get you to where you need to be, but make sure to know the correct name and address of where you’d like to go: many drivers have a small understanding of English and will simply follow the GPS.
Uber in Cairo is very similar to everywhere else, but with a couple twists. You can pay in cash or use a credit card instead of paying through the app. In December 2018, Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi launched the first bus service that would connect riders with the already established minibus services in Cairo. The Uber Bus is a very cost-effective way to get through the congestion of the city.