We've been hearing about the impending dawn of self-driving cars for a while now -- a few semi-self-driving cars are up for sale already, and they were easily the most believable innovation in the science fiction blockbuster Jurassic Park. So the question we've had for a while has been: When are these things getting on public roads?
The answer is now. NuTonomy, a self-driving company that started at MIT and is now based in Cambridge and Singapore, has officially begun testing self-driving taxis on the streets of Singapore in a business district called 1 North, an area of only about 2.5 square miles. The test is limited to a select number of riders and just six cars, a fleet nuTonomy hopes to expand to 1,000 by 2018.
NuTonomy's modified Renault Zoe and Mitsubishi i-MiEV electric cars come with an engineer sitting in front who will be prepared to take the wheel in the event of glitches or HAL-like AI takeovers. It's important to note that this is still in the testing stages, as one reporter learned:
An Associated Press reporter taking a ride Wednesday observed that the safety driver had to step on the brakes once, when a car was obstructing the test car's lane and another vehicle, which appeared to be parked, suddenly began moving in the oncoming lane.
So it's not perfect yet, obviously. The good news is that, worldwide, Singapore is generally one of the safer places you could be driving. In 2013, the World Health Organization estimated that the city-state had just 3.6 road traffic fatal injury deaths per 100 000 population. (For comparison, the United States saw 10.6; Brazil, which just hosted the Rio Olympics, saw 23.4.)