8. Listen for specific words and phrases
There are a number of token liar phrases and word usages to look out for. Meyer's most common truth-obscuring verbal device is something she calls hedging, i.e., "As far as I can recall," or "What I remember is." Another tell can be their lack of using "non-contracted denial." The most memorable example of such a thing may be Bill Clinton's infamous declaration, "I did not have sexual relations with that woman" in which he consciously chose to avoid the contraction (didn't), but particularly emphasized "did not." "Hyper-swearing" is also one of the biggest giveaways, according Albrecht, who insists if you hear anything along the lines of, "I swear on a stack of Bibles, or my grandmother's grave, or my kids' lives that I never touched that woman," you're likely dealing with a liar. Liars are also more likely to come up with a very specific denial in a situation, whereas a truth teller has no trouble with categorical denials, i.e., "I've never cheated on anyone in my whole life."