These are the 7 essential Colombian foods everyone should know
Colombia -- yes, it's one of the world leaders in producing coffee and Sofia Vergara, but what else is there to this lush South American nation? Turns out it's home to some of the best cuisine out there: a mix of South American, Spanish, and French influences that're given a regional kick by each of the country's distinct cultural regions, from the Andes Mountains to the low marshlands. And while it may share the rights to the exalted arepa with neighbor Venezuela, Colombia's got a whole slew of traditional dishes all its own.
So in the interest of unearthing the best of what Colombian cuisine has to offer, we polled a number of our food-loving Colombian friends to find out what the country's truly got the munchies for. Let's get cooking.
What it is: Red beans and pork, white rice, fried eggs, plantains, chorizo, arepas, hogao/criollo (a tomato and onion based sauce), chicharron, and ground meat
What's the deal: Coming out of the mountainous Paisa region in Northwest Colombia, this doozy of a dish incorporates pretty much all of the most commonly used Colombian foods and ingredients onto one massive platter. It contains elements of indigenous cooking as well as Spanish influences, and it was also almost named the national dish of Colombia, but folks from the other regions wanted a more democratic selection.
What it is: A stew made primarily of chicken, corn, hot peppers, and potatoes
What's the deal: Ajiaco is a slightly stronger contender for the national dish of Colombia since it’s heavily consumed in more regions of the country, but it still hasn’t been officially selected by the government. Luckily, you don't need government permission to eat this spicy Andean specialty, as it holds a permanent spot in the comfort food pantheon of Colombia. It has a slightly grassy, earthy flavor due to the addition of guascas, an herb common to the area around Bogota.
What it is: A pocket-like type of bread made with cuajada cheese
What's the deal: A fixture at most Colombian bakeries, almojabana is a corn flour-based biscuit with the cottage cheese-like cuajada mixed into the dough, along with eggs, butter, and sugar. It's a popular breakfast accompaniment, and its name is derived from the Arabic word almugábbana, meaning “mix made with cheese”.
What it is: Roast pig stuffed with rice, yellow peas, potatoes, onions, and spices
What's the deal: Served on many a special occasion in the region of Tolima and elsewhere in the country (especially on Colombian Independence Day), lechona is essentially a suckling pig roasted with vegetables and spices, and then carved up with rice. The crispy skin of the pig is highly valued and is served alongside the platter as a tasty accoutrement to a dish that’s pretty much already going whole-hog.
What it is: Corn masa, meat, and veggies wrapped up snugly in a banana or plantain leaf
What's the deal: We may think of tamales as being a distinctively Central American food, but the truth is that they’re present all over the Latin American world. The Colombian iterations are noticeably larger than their Mexican brethren, as their corn husks have been substituted with plantain leaves. Pour a cup of hot chocolate next to it, and you've got yourself a common Colombian breakfast.
What it is: Crispy-on-the-outside corn cake that can be baked, fried, steamed, or boiled -- is also used as a base for sandwiches
What's the deal: Thought arepas were just Venezuelan?! THINK AGAIN, PERSON WHO SPENDS A LOT OF TIME CONSIDERING AREPAS! These delicious, crispy corn cakes are just as Colombian as they are Venezuelan, and they're eaten frequently for breakfast or as an afternoon snack. Common fillings include butter, eggs, cheese, chorizo, or the hogao/criollo sauce we mentioned earlier. The history of the arepa goes back hundreds of years to the early corn masa biscuits of Colombia’s indigenous tribes.
Ternera a la llanera
What it is: Beef, veal, pork -- basically anything you want, as long as it’s the whole animal
What's the deal: The Colombian version of barbecue, ternera a la llanera involves taking the entirety of a young cow, butchering it very carefully in order to preserve a bunch of tender, thin cuts of meat, and skewering them over a conical fire pit that smokes the meat as it’s cooked. This style of cooking is particularly popular in the marshlands of Colombia, and will probably become popular everywhere this article is read.