The series is also a sharp social commentary
Tom makes several offhand comments about the Nordic model and Sweden's successful welfare program, and the landscape of a socialist country like Sweden opens the door for more of a balanced scale when it comes to gender roles. Because of the country's decades-long focus on social issues, women and men are treated relatively equally, and toxic masculinity isn't tolerated the same way it is in the States or the UK.
After Tom receives a threatening message in his hotel room, he ponders why they might have targeted him instead of Sophie, who was in the same hotel. "It's because you're a man," she tells him. "It's not completely unusual to hate white middle-aged men in this country, and if you look at what white, middle-aged men are responsible for in the world, you kind of get the hate, don't you?"
Still, it's made clear that Sophie's gender is an insecurity of hers, particularly in the workforce, and particularly regarding middle-aged men. When she's temporarily demoted, she goes off on a tirade against her boss, Arne Arnesen (Björn Granath).
"You're a middle-aged man, I'm a young woman. My competence intimidates you, so you attack every little mistake I make. If I'd been a man, things would be different. There would've been pats on the back, golf rounds, and trips to Tallinn. That's called homosociality. You should brush up on your gender theory. You've come here to tell me off for one reason. Because I'm a woman!"
It's an impressive speech, but then Arnesen reminds her that no, it's not her gender, but the fact that she keeps impulsively shooting innocent people. And though he's not wrong -- Sophie's incompetence, not her gender, is her fault -- her insecurities prove that even in functioning socialist countries, sexism filters into systems of power and the common psyche, and still affects the way women perform in the workplace. That insecurity is what drives Sophie, and makes her more complex than satire trappings might otherwise allow.