The title of the show, "For All Mankind," is taken from the plaque that our astronauts, in reality, placed on the moon where Neil Armstrong took his first steps: "Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon July 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind." In his exit interviews about the trip, Armstrong, like his fellow astronauts and engineers, stressed the nonpolitical nature of the moon landing, as an accomplishment not for America (though they wore the flag on their suits and planted one in the ground at the landing site), but for the world itself.
Because of the nature of the Space Race -- us, the good Americans, vs. them, the scary Soviets -- the moon is an inherently political space, a testing ground on which two (or more) world superpowers will advertise their strength to the planet below. The central question embedded in much of For All Mankind is: Is it right to colonize space in the name of war? If all we do is expand our political hangups and rivalries and distrust further into the solar system, then what's the point? It's exciting to see a show grapple with these heady ideas while also creating, episode by episode, an alternate history of the world where the promises of the Space Age were not just firmly rooted in pop culture, but, with the right amount of drive, just within our reach.