The 14 Creepiest Abandoned Places in California
Ghost towns, roadside attractions, a zoo, and more.
California doesn’t have the kind of architectural history you’ll find in Greece or Egypt, or, hell, even New England, but it has been around long enough to see its fair share of booms and busts, industries turned obsolete, natural- and human-caused disasters, disappearing resources, and just plain old bad luck, some of which resulted in abandoned places that have fallen into ruin or decay due to the whims of nature, time, and neglect. From mining towns to a concrete WWI ship that never saw action to a fancy tea house on a private island, read on to discover 14 abandoned places in California that, because they have been devoid of human occupation (and often interference), have transformed into places that are utterly eerie but also eerily captivating.
There’s a tragic story behind this abandoned hospital on the outskirts of Nevada City that was built in 1860 as a private hospital and grew in size over the years with more wings added as the county’s population surged—the oldest part predates almost everything in Nevada City. It was in continuous use until the mid-1970s and in the early ‘80s became a prison for low-risk inmates due to overcrowding in the county jail. Later, the building was the site of the town’s Behavioral Health Department, and this is where the story turns very grim.
In 2001, Scott Thorpe, a client of the outpatient mental health clinic who suffered from paranoia and agoraphobia and had resisted hospitalization attempts by his family, fatally shot 19-year-old Laura Wilcox, a college student who was working there over her winter break, and Pearlier Mae Feldman, a mental health caregiver. Thorpe was found not guilty by reason of insanity and, in 2002, California created “Laura’s Law,” a state law that allows for court-ordered assisted outpatient treatment. The building has been totally abandoned for over 15 years and is overgrown, rapidly decaying, covered in graffiti, and, frankly, looks like something straight out of a horror movie. However, considering its heartbreaking past (and the fact that it’s private property—a developer bought it with plans to convert it into housing, though he’s faced opposition), it’s best approached with reverence (or legally, probably not at all).
Though it was originally constructed to be the Southern California Athletic and County Club in the late 1920s, this building only saw the likes of tennis whites and post-golf martinis for a few years. Instead, because of financial issues, it closed and reopened in 1933 as an all-boys military school attended by the sons of wealthy people, who would grow up to join fancy country clubs and sip post-golf martinis. The school closed in 1977 and now sits in disrepair, but not so much that you can’t still appreciate the grandeur and—if you can get inside—the former dorm rooms, offices, mess hall, and more. Oh, and yes, it’s haunted. Allegedly.
In 1899, the gold mining town of Ballarat had 500 residents. Today it has one. Ballarat popped up right as California’s gold mining heyday was starting to wind down. It had seven saloons, three hotels, a bank, a school, a jail, and a morgue, but by 1917, the post office closed, and only a few people remained. In the 1960s, it was visited by Charles Manson and members of his cult who lived nearby on Barker Ranch and left their graffiti all over the town, as well as a 1942 green Dodge that still sits on the roadside. You can also still find the crumbling remains of several adobe structures (there was no timber for houses in this desert town) and the cemetery, and some wild (but friendly) donkeys, but the most interesting stop is the wooden shack that serves as the incorporated town’s general store. Stop in for one of only a few items sold: soda, beer, and (allegedly) moonshine.
Once upon a time, you only had to go to Northern California’s Humboldt Redwoods State Park to walk through J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle Earth. Built in the mid-1970s, “Hobbiton, USA” was a roadside attraction that paid tribute to The Hobbit via lumpy cement statues of characters and building tableaus and button-activated speakers to explain which part of the book you were seeing. It shut down in 2009, and a landslide destroyed most of the remains, but if you look closely, you can still find Gandalf standing next to the green doors of Bilbo Baggins’ hobbit-hole, as well as the remnants of other hobbit dwellings. Get a two-for-one experience by also visiting the Living Chimney Tree, a 78-foot tall redwood that was hollowed out by a fire in 1914. You can actually go inside of the 12.5-foot wide base and look up and see the sky.
In the spring of 1905, an irrigation canal caused the Colorado River to flood and fill an ancient dry lakebed with water, effectively creating a brand new lake named the Salton Sea. It should have eventually dried up, but the farmers kept letting excess water from the river flow into the lake, and in the 1950s, the “Salton Riviera” became an incredibly popular getaway (more popular than Yosemite) where people went to swim and fish. Only problem? This accidental lake didn’t have an outflow, which meant no natural stabilization system, which meant it eventually (in the 1970s) became saltier than seawater and contaminated from runoff, which meant almost all of the fish died (as well as the birds who depended on them for food). Dead fish carcasses replaced the throngs of tourists on the beach, and by the ‘90s, when the water started to recede (resulting in clouds of toxic dust from the lake bed), pretty much everyone fled the scene. Now, the beaches surrounding it are home to those aforementioned fish carcasses, boarded-up motels, and abandoned buildings. There is an effort to improve conditions, but basically, if you want to know what it will look like after the apocalypse, this is the only place you need to visit. (Or, you know, just stick around wherever you live for another couple of years.)
Californians love to ignore the fact that a desert is, by definition, a place that lacks water, which is why no one should be surprised that in the 1950s, a businessman named Bob Byers built a private waterpark in the middle of the Mojave Desert for his family to enjoy. It opened to the public in the ’60s, but dwindling crowds forced its closure in 1990. That wasn’t the end of the water park where there’s very little water, though. It reopened in 1998 after millions of dollars were spent adding tons of new features, but when an employee was paralyzed after going down one of the slides and sued for millions, the waterpark closed for good—to everyone except skateboarders and graffiti artists who have no problem ignoring the “No Trespassing” signs, and artists like Ke$ha and BTS who both filmed music videos there in the past couple of years. Unfortunately, an arsonist also ignored those signs, and a few of the structures were destroyed in 2018. A private firm bought it with plans to rebuild it starting in 2022—though as of summer 2021, it’s back on the market, which means it’s up for grabs for anyone with an affinity for lazy rivers and $11 million in the bank.
Malakoff Diggins Historic State Park
North Bloomfield was originally called “Humbug City” due to the fact that miners who settled there in 1951 did not strike gold. However, a few years later, hydraulic methods helped a second wave of miners find enough gold to justify settling there. That’s when the post office said the town name had to be changed because there were just too many other towns named “Humbug.” The townsfolk went for Bloomfield next, but that was also taken. So they threw a North in front of it. Turns out miners weren’t the most creative when it came to naming places, but that’s okay ’cause they were rich (hopefully). The town grew to over 2,000 people and had eight saloons, five hotels, three lodging houses, and even a few breweries. (Any town with more saloons than anything else is a good town to us.) Eventually, thanks to lawsuits in 1884, hydraulic mining came to an end, and Humbug City-turned-Bloomfield-turned-North Bloomfield became an abandoned ghost town not much later. Today, it’s one of the most well-preserved ghost towns in the state with the church, school, barbershop, fire department, and other buildings still standing, which lends itself to maximum eeriness in the best way possible.
Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
Mystery abounds when it comes to the Chemung Mine's sordid past. What we do know: 1) It served the town of Masonic (basically as far east as you can go from the Bay Area before you hit Nevada) from 1909 to 1938, 2) its owner was allegedly thrown into a mine shaft for cheating his employees, and 3) his ghost is not super happy about it, though he seems to save his rage for Saturday nights. It’s also easy to access if visiting abandoning mines is your thing (you can even crawl through some of the tunnels), just be careful not to fall into any open shafts.
Built between 1907 and 1910, Bayshore's brick roundhouse was used to house and service locomotives on their way into SF. As the Southern Pacific line grew, so did the Bayshore facilities—at one point, there were 25 outbound tracks, 39 inbound tracks, and even a hospital for the 3,000 employees. The rise of diesel engines meant steam facilities became obsolete, and the roundhouse was fully abandoned in 1982. A fire in 2001 demolished half of what was left of the roof of the roundhouse, but the bones of the structure are still intact and covered with colorful graffiti, which you’ll only be able to see up close and personal if you ignore the “No Trespassing” signs and aren’t scared of a little barbed wire fencing. While there were once over 200 roundhouses in California, Bayshore's is the last standing brick roundhouse in the state, though perhaps not for too much longer as there are plans to transform it into a housing and commercial development. (Of course, this is the Bay Area, so a lot of metaphorical barbed wire fences will have to be climbed over to make that happen.)
Opened in 1912 and closed in 1966 (due to the opening of the much fancier Los Angeles Zoo), the abandoned site of the Griffith Park Zoo still features the ruins of animal enclosures, including all kinds of cages and the large animal exhibits that housed lions, tigers, and bears. You can explore all of them (legally, even), and some of the cave enclosures even have picnic tables and grills, so you can get a good idea of what it was like to be a caged animal in a zoo in the mid-1900s.
Launched in 1919 (too late to see service in WWI even though that’s why it was built) and retired just ten years later, the SS Palo Alto was a concrete ship that was supposed to serve as a tanker. Unfortunately, concrete ships fell out of favor after the war, and so instead, she was towed to Aptos, where the Seacliff Amusement Corporation built a pier leading out to her and refitted her as an amusement ship, with amenities including a dance floor, a swimming pool, a café, and games of chance. (Including, allegedly, a few below deck games that could be played for actual money while sipping cocktails during the Prohibition.) In 1932—after just two summer seasons—the company went bankrupt, a storm cracked the ship’s hull, and she was stripped of all the fun stuff, sold to the state for $1, and left floating next to the (now) weirdest fishing pier in the state. As abandoned ships tend to do, it deteriorated over the years, but winter storms in 2016 and 2017 pushed the wreck on its starboard side, broke its rear half-open, and tore the stern off. Though humans can no longer dance there, it still acts as an artificial reef for local marine life.
The only island in Lake Tahoe, Fannette still houses the stone shell of a one-time tea house built in the late 1920s by Lora Knight, the clearly super-rich lady who owned Vikingsholm—a 38-room castle along the Emerald Bay shore. After arriving on the island via motorboat, Mrs. Knight and guests would be served tea in the 16-by-16-foot room that was outfitted with a small corner fireplace, large oak table, and four oak chairs for a rustic yet charming appearance. Today, you can get there by kayak, jetski, or any other floating device that transports humans. It’s just a short climb to the top—and some incredibly truly one-of-a-kind views.
In 1880, Bodie was California's third most populous city. Today, it has a population of zero since the one-time mining town-turned-ghost town was slowly deserted as the supply of gold dwindled and the wintertime sub-zero temps and white-out conditions no longer had reason to be endured. By 1914, Bodie was almost completely abandoned, though a few stayed on (the post office operated until 1942). Today, 100 structures remain, including the old general store, the Methodist church, a saloon, a bank vault, and the cemetery. It’s now a National Historic Landmark and state park, and you can pay $8 to check out the town, preserved in a state of remarkable arrested decay.
The first railroad line to traverse the Sierra Nevada range, this nearly 1,700-foot tunnel was completed in 1867 by Chinese workers and the first train passed through it in 1868. The last train passed through in 1993 when the route was changed to a new location that looked nowhere near as cool as this. Today, you can hike through them and see petroglyphs, the historic 75-foot hand-built Chinese Wall, and lots and lots of graffiti.