Employing a process that dates back thousands of years, Damascus steel has long been highly desirable because of the beautiful patterns created during forging. Not to mention it is difficult and time consuming to produce.
Formed by hand, Damascus steel starts as a steel ingot that is heated, folded, hammered, and then the process repeats. It's up to the artisan to determine how many times this needs to be done. In this specific instance, Master Damascus craftsman Chad Nichols used a 50 layer block.