Unless it's serving an architectural purpose in a sushi roll, most Westerners don't think of seaweed as food. But humans have been eating seaweed since prehistoric times, and it's still consumed daily in places like Japan, China, and Korea. So what do these Asian countries know that we don't?
Simply put: Seaweed is both delicious and really, really, ridiculously good for you. Let me count the ways:
It's a great source of prebiotics
You've heard of probiotics, the good bacteria found in foods like yogurt that help keep your gut healthy. Well, prebiotics are essentially fuel for probiotics: special plant fibers that nourish the good bacteria that are already there. Seaweed is rich in polysaccharides that function as prebiotics, and therefore it can help keep your gastrointestinal tract -- and anyone you share a bathroom with -- happy.
Seaweed, especially red varieties such as nori (the kind most sushi chefs use), is a terrific source of protein, which is great news for all of us but especially for vegetarians and vegans. Our meat-eschewing friends will also be glad to hear that this sea vegetable is one of the few non-animal sources of vitamin B12, an important nutrient that assists in the maintenance of nerve and blood cells, helps make DNA, and protects against anemia.
It helps keep your heart ticking
With heart disease still topping the list of the leading causes of death in the United States, we could all stand to give our hearts a little more love. Snacking on seaweed is one way to do that, due to its antioxidants and "healthier salt" content. It's one of the foods most frequently recommended for those with high blood pressure, and some studies show that eating seaweed could help prevent cardiovascular disease.
It's got loads of iodine, which is a good thing
Thanks to the advent of iodized salt in the 1920s, and subsequent efforts by the World Health Organization to make it universally available, the incidence of goiters and other horrifying symptoms of iodine deficiency has decreased dramatically. Despite the great strides made in reducing iodine deficiency, millions of people still don't get enough of it. Luckily, seaweed is one of the best food sources of iodine out there.