In the future, Sulaver believes the study of epigenetics, or how environmental factors can change the way genes are expressed, will be huge in the field of health and weight loss. But for now, it's something we have little control over.
So how do I lose my beer gut or arm flab?
It would be amazing if getting rid of unwanted fat were a simple process. In reality, there’s a lot more that goes into shedding the blubber you don’t want from certain areas.
“Your top priority is excellent nutrition, which is going to affect your body fat the most, then aggressive full-body exercise,” Sulaver says. He adds that rest and recovery also play a huge role, making that the third biggest priority in losing body fat. At the bottom of the priority list is cardio, which is still important, but not the fat-burning powerhouse most people think it is. Cardio is only effective if your nutrition, full-body exercise, and rest are all on point.
Personal trainer Joe Kekoanui, NASM, ACSM recommends high-intensity interval training (HIIT) as a good full-body workout because it can be done with just your bodyweight, or a mix of free weights and other fitness equipment. He says when clients come to him looking to target a specific body part, he also looks at nutrition first, then focuses on full-body workouts and cardio. "Anything that will keep the whole body under tension and burn the most amount of calories in the shortest amount of time," he says.