As for how skaters earn points, well, that's also kind of complicated. In addition to receiving points for their overall presentation and artistry during each event, figure skaters are awarded points for each of their step sequences, jumps, and spins. Skaters can earn points and they can lose points, via deductions. A fall will result in an automatic one-point deduction, for example. Skaters in the singles events can, of course, make up for blunders by earning bonus points for every jump they execute during the second half of their programs. Got all of that? It only gets more confusing from here, unfortunately.
More specifically, there are two components when it comes to figure skating scoring: the Technical Elements Score (TES), based on the execution of technical elements, and the Program Component Score (PCS), based on the artistry of the overall program. Both are evaluated by a nine-person panel of judges along with a three-person technical committee, according to a breakdown provided by NBC Olympics.