Specifically, Lustig wrote in The Guardian:
"Diastolic blood pressure decreased by five points. Blood fat levels dropped precipitously. Fasting glucose decreased by five points, glucose tolerance improved markedly, insulin levels fell by 50%. In other words we reversed their metabolic disease in just 10 days, even while eating processed food, by just removing the added sugar and substituting starch, and without changing calories or weight."
This is all to say that sugar does more damage than through calories alone. However, some experts have cast doubt on the study's findings, saying the dramatic improvements in the patients' health the researchers observed were likely due to weight loss from the change in their diets. Additionally, some say the study was too small and lacked control by allowing the children to self-report their previous, or usual, food intake, per the TIME report.
But still, we all know deep down that those glorious fistfuls of chocolate-covered bacon aren't going to make us live forever. Well, maybe unless you're this Brooklyn woman.