Airports also play an important role in keeping prices low. Budget airlines often fly into smaller airports that, while farther from city centers, charge less in take-off and landing fees. A budget airline will often be one of only a few airlines flying out of an airport, giving it a huge amount of negotiating power.
In addition, these airlines will charge for food, sometimes won't offer reclining seats (too much maintenance), occasionally charge to print boarding passes, and find all sorts of other little ways to cut corners. Customers may complain about all this, but in the end, they'll suck it up for that rock-bottom price.
Watch the video for all the money-saving secrets of budget airlines. You'll realize just how much work goes into that $10 fare, and feel some real love toward Ryanair for a minute. That is, until the next time you fly Ryanair and go to recline your seat.