The report highlights pangasius — a type of Asian catfish — as emblematic of the ways that the seafood fraud is being committed. It's regularly used to stand in for higher-value fish. As you can see in the chart above, it's globally used as a replacement for many different fish, like grouper and perch.
"The path seafood travels from the fishing boat or farm to our dinner plates is long, complex and non-transparent, rife with opportunities for fraud and mislabeling," said Oceana senior campaign director Beth Lowell. "American consumers deserve to know more about their seafood, including what kind of fish it is, how and where it was caught or farmed, and they should be able to trust the information is accurate."