Here's Why There's a New Olympic Team Called 'OAR' at the 2018 Winter Games

If you tuned in to the first broadcast for some of the first events of the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang early on Thursday morning, you immediately encountered a strange new national abbreviation as the United States challenged Russia in mixed curling doubles. The score box read USA next to an American flag and "OAR" next to the Olympic rings on a white background.

No, OAR isn't an abbreviation for a new country competing at the Olympics. The story behind the acronym is actually a bit more complicated. 

What country is OAR
NBC Screengrab

The acronym stands for Olympic Athlete(s) from Russia

Russian athletes must compete under this title instead of the Russian flag due to the Russian doping scandal, the end result of which is that the world is basically pretending like Russia isn't competing even though, you know, they actually are under the banner of OAR.

The scandal first emerged in the McLaren Report, which alleged more than 1,000 Russian athletes partook in or benefitted from a state-sponsored cover-up for athletes using performance-enhance drugs (PEDs).

The second part of the report was published after the Rio Games in 2016. A subsequent International Olympic Committee (IOC) investigation resulted in the Russian Olympic Committee being barred from the 2018 Winter Olympics. The nation's flag won't appear during the opening ceremony, and government officials are not allowed to attend the Games.

If they're banned, why are Russians competing?

Despite the ban, which came down in December, the IOC decided to allow Russian athletes with no history of doping to compete. Though, they aren't allowed to compete under the Russian flag. Those athletes will compete as an Olympic Athlete from Russia.

Around 400 athletes were told they could compete if they could prove they hadn't broken any doping rules. Ultimately, Russia named 169 athletes to the non-Russian Russian team.

As if that wasn't complicated enough, the Court of Arbitration for Sport is considering appeals from 47 Russian athletes who say they should be allowed to compete this year. That list includes a pair of gold medal winners from the last Winter Games. The final decision may come as late as Thursday night or Friday morning, according to a report by The New York Times. (The latter is the day of the opening ceremony, and the former is the first day of Olympic competition.)

Many athletes think the situation is ridiculous. The IOC had many years to figure this out. Moreover, some athletes have said they believe it's a sign that the IOC doesn't care enough about whether or not athletes take PEDs. 

"I think that the timing of all this is ridiculous," Lowell Bailey, an American biathlete, told the Times. He said the IOC should acknowledge it bears some responsibility for the confusion. "I think it did fail clean athletes," he said. There are almost 10 biathletes from Russia who are part of the appeal process.

Dick Pound of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) felt similarly. "The IOC has not only failed to protect clean athletes but has made it possible for cheating athletes to prevail against the clean athletes," he said at a meeting in South Korea on Tuesday per the Express.

What happens if a Russian athlete wins a medal?

Russian athletes will be wearing the OAR logo on uniforms, like the athlete at the top of the page. Should an Olympic athlete from Russia win gold, the Olympic anthem will play while they're on the podium, instead of the Russian national anthem.

There's little doubt that you'll see this situation take place. With a strong track record in the Winter Olympics, Russia... er... OAR is definitely going to rank well in the final medal tally. 

Just prior to the opening ceremony, the Court of Arbitration for Sport denied the appeal of from 32 Russian athletes and 15 coaches who were looking to have their Olympic ban overturned.

Though the court previously overturned a lifetime ban for 28 Russian athletes, in this instance the court ruled that the IOC had the right block these athletes and team personnel from competing, calling it an "eligibility decision." The Independent notes that anti-doping advocates praised the decision. Some of the athletes involved in the appeal won medals at the 2014 Sochi Winter Games, dealing a blow to Russia's chances for a high medal count this year. 

Yet, despite not having the full team in PyeongChang, Russian athletes have done quite well. As of February 22, Olympic Athletes from Russia had collected 12 total medals, which puts them eighth in total medals. The team had, however, not yet won a single gold. That is likely to change at the conclusion of the women's individual figure skating event, where the top two athletes are from Russia.

Additionally, the team lost one medal. The Russian mixed doubles curling team won bronze early in the games but has had that medal revoked after one of the team members failed a test detecting the presence of PEDs.

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Check back during the games for all of Thrillist’s continuing Olympics coverage. Think of us like an all-knowing friend watching along with you to answer all the important questions, like how heavy are Olympic medals. We'll explain everything from curling rules and figure skating scoring to what OAR means, why winning athletes are receiving stuffed animals and much, much more.

Dustin Nelson is a News Writer with Thrillist. He holds a Guinness World Record but has never met the fingernail lady. Follow him @dlukenelson.