Cost of city living: Lima (price index 104) is half as expensive as Philadelphia.
Proportion of English speakers: Very low
Americans living there: Indeterminant; about 450,000 a year visit
Why you'd want to live there: You'll eat like a king every meal of every day. Lima, Peru's capital, rocks a food scene among the finest anywhere, a mix of Chinese, Andean, Japanese, and even lasting Incan influence. Put it this way: No country that cultivates 5,000 different varieties of potatoes is anything but deadly serious about its eats. When you stand up from the table and head out into the country, you'll find a beautiful and incredibly diverse land, and one that is dotted with incredible history as seen in the Inca Trail, Machu Picchu, and Nazca Lines, as well as plenty of Pacific beach towns.
Under President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, a mild-mannered centrist who comes off as kind of a joker, the relatively stable democratic republic has invited business investment and tourism dollars. Dentistry and medical care are bargains, and quite good, especially in Lima. If you want to go kick the tires for six months, you can: Your tourist visa is good for 183 days, more than enough time to stumble into the Amazon to try ayahuasca. And above all, Peruvians seem to genuinely like Americans, which you won't always find in many other countries.
What's the catch: You'll be unemployable if you don't speak Spanish, though there is a need for people who can teach English. Some parts of Lima are not terribly safe. Society at large is more socially conservative and traditionally macho than you might find strictly comfortable, especially if you're not, you know, a man. And despite its status as a world destination, Peru doesn't feel pressure to run on time. Of course, depending on your disposition, this might be a huge plus. -- Tim Ebner, Thrillist contributor